Overview of EU Financial Assistance
The EU provides specific and targeted financial aid for candidate countries, potential future members and acceding countries in order to support their efforts to enhance political, economic and institutional reforms needed to fulfil EU membership criteria.
Over the years, the EU provided financial assistance to Croatia through a number of instruments.
From 2000 until 2004, Croatia received around 278.8 million euro from the CARDS programme, while in 2005 and 2006 a total of 252 million euro were available from the PHARE, ISPA and SAPARD funds.
- CARDS - Community Assistance for Reconstruction, Development and Stabilisation (2000-2004)
- EU Programmes open for Croatia before 2007
Since 2007, Croatia benefits from the Instrument for Pre-accession (IPA). The financial allocation of the IPA programme for Croatia in the period 2007-2012 was EUR 910.2 million. For the year 2013 EUR 94,8 million is alocated.
The purpose of EU programmes is to support the European Union’s internal policies. They are action programmes, designed primarily as means of achieving objectives set by the EU and its Member States, based on internal budget headings. However, some of the EU Programmes are open for the countries in the process of joining the EU. The basis for Croatia´s participation in EU Programmes is the Framework Agreement between the European Community and the Republic of Croatia on the General Principles for the Participation of the Republic of Croatia in Community Programmes (Official Journal of the European Union, L 192/2005 of 22 July 2005.